The ROMAN CIVILIZATION
IMAGES OF THE ROMAN CIVILIZATION
Roma Capital of the World
Many EmperorS made & SHAPED the City
Ancient Rome was the largest city in the then known world. It is thought that Rome’s population was over 1 million people when the city was at the height of its power. From Rome, the heart of government beat; military decisions were taken and the vast wealth Rome earned was invested in a series of magnificent buildings.
Many buildings in Rome were built around the forum. Traditionally, this had been a market place and an area where people met. Therefore, it would have been a natural place to put government buildings, temples and palaces. As Rome grew, however, the forum became more and more crowded. .
Rome itself had some magnificent buildings erected within the city. Some exist to this day, all be it in a less wonderful state. The most famous is probably the Colosseum where thousands of Roman citizens would gather for their entertainment – be it animals fighting or gladiators etc. Such grand buildings were constructed so that emperors would be remembered by future generations. The Colosseum was built on the orders of the Emperor Vespasian and completed when the Emperor Titus was in power. The building was finally completed in AD 80.
Rome also had numerous triumphal arches constructed throughout the city to celebrate military victories. These served a dual purpose. First, they were a celebration of the military victories the Romans had and, second, they were a reminders to the people of Rome of the powerful .
Altar of Augustan Peace
MAUSOLEUM OF HADRIAN
MARCUS AURELIUS COLUMN
THEATER OF MARCELLUS
ARCH OF JANUS
Temple of Hercules Victor
Temple of PORTUNUS
BATHS OF CARACALLA
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