THEODOSIAN DYNASTY 379-455AD

VALENTINIAN DYNASTY 364-392AD

THE LAST EMPERORS 379-455AD

 

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FLAVIVS VALENTINIAN AVGVSTVS

BORN 321 AD, CIBALAE, PANNONIA

RULE 26 FEBRUARY 364 AD – 17 NOVEMBER 375 AD

Elected to replace Jovian by the army

Natural causes

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FLAVIVS IVLIVS VALENS AVGVSTVS

BORN 328 AD, CIBALAE, PANNONIA

RULE 28 MARCH 364 AD – 9 AUGUST 378 AD

Brother of Valentinian I, appointed co-augustus (for the east) by him

Killed in Battle of Adrianople against the Goths

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FLAVIVS GRATIANVS AVGVSTVS

Born 18 APRIL/MAY AD, CIBALAE, PANNONIA

Rule 4 AUGUST, 367 AD – 25 AUGUST, 383 AD

Son of Valentinian I, appointed 'junior' Augustus by him in 367, became 'senior' augustus (for the west) after Valentinian's death.

Murdered by rebellious army faction

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FLAVIVS VALENTINIANVS INVICTVS AVGVSTVS

BORN 371 AD, MILAIN ITALIA

RULE 17 NOVEMBER 375 AD – 15 MAY 392 AD

Son of Valentinian I, proclaimed emperor by Pannonian army after Valentinian's death; accepted as co-Augustus for the west by Gratian

Unclear; possibly murdered or committed suicide

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FLAVIVS THEODOSIVS AVGVSTVS

BORN 11 JANUARY 347 AD, CAUCA,HISPANIA

RULE 1 JANUARY 379 AD – 17 JANUARY 395 AD

Appointed as Augustus for the east by Gratian after the death of Valens; became sole 'senior' Augustus after death of Valentinian II

Natural causes

FLAVIVS ARCADIVS AVGVSTVS

BORN 377 AD, HISPANIA

RULE JANUARY 383 AD – 1 MAY, 408 AD

Son of Theodosius I; appointed as 'junior' Augustus for the east by Theodosius in 383 (after the death of Gratian); became 'senior' Augustus for the east after his father's death

Natural causes

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FLAVIVS HONORIVS AVGVSTVS

Born 9 SEPTEMBER 384 AD ?

Rule 23JANUARY 383 AD – 15 AUGUST, 423 AD

Son of Theodosius I; appointed as 'junior' Augustus for the west by Theodosius in 393 (after the death of Valentinian II); became 'senior' Augustus for the west after his father's death

Natural causes

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FLAVIVS THEODOSIVS AVGVSTVS

BORN 1O APRIL 401 AD, CONSTANTINOPLE

RULE JANUARY 402 AD - 28 JULY 450 AD

Son of Arcadius; appointed as 'junior' Augustus for the east by Arcadius in 402; became 'senior' Augustus for the east after his father's death

Natural causes

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FLAVIVS CONSTANTIVS AVGVSTVS

BORN ?, NAISSUS, MOESIA SUPERIOR

RULE 8 FEBRUARY 421 AD – 2 SEPTEMBER 421 AD

Married to Theodosius I's daughter Galla Placidia, elevated to co-Augustus for the west by Honorius

Natural causes

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IOANNES AVGVSTVS

BORN ?

RULE 27 AUGUST 423 AD - 1MAY 425 AD

A senior civil servant under Honorius, proclaimed emperor by Castinus; not recognized by the Eastern Empire

June or July 425 AD Defeated in battle by Theodosius II and Valentinian III, captured and executed

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FLAVIVS PLACIDIVS VALENTINIANVS AVGVSTVS

BORN 2 JULY 419 AD, RAVENNA ITALIA

RULE 23 OCTOBER 424 AD - 16 MARCH AD 455 AD

Son of Constantius III, appointed Caesar for the west by Theodosius II after the death of Honorius, in opposition to the Johannes; became Augustus for the west after the defeat of Johannes

Assassinated, possibly at the behest of Petronius Maximus

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FLAVIVS MARCIANIVS AVGVSTVS

BORN 396 AD THRACE OR ILLYRIA

RULE SUMMER 450 AD - JANUARY 457 AD

Nominated as successor (and husband) by Pulcheria, sister of Theodosius II

Natural cases.

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FLAVIVS ANICIVS PETRONIVS MAXIMVS AVGVSTVS

BORN 396 AD ?

RULE 17 MARCH 455 AD – 31 MAY 455 AD

Proclaimed himself emperor with the support of the army, after the death of Valentinian III. Not recognized by the Eastern Empire.

Murdered, probably stoned to death by the Roman mob

EPARCHIVS AVITVS AVGVSTVS

BORN 385 AD ?

RULE 9 JULY 455 AD – 17 OCTOBER, 456 AD

Magister militum under Petronius Maximus, proclaimed emperor by the Visigoth king Theoderic II after Petronius's death

Deposed by his Magister militum, Ricimer; became bishop of Placentia; murdered at some point afterwards

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IVLIVS VALERIVS MAIORIANVS AVGVSTVS

Born NOVEMBER 420 AD

Rule APRIL, 457 AD – 2 AUGUST, 461 AD

Appointed emperor by Ricimer

August 7, 461 AD Deposed by his troops (probably at the behest of Ricimer); beheaded on the orders of Ricimer

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LIBIVS SEVERVS AVGVSTVS

BORN ? AD, LUCANIA, ITALIA

RULE NOVEMBER 461 AD – AUGUST 465 AD

Appointed emperor by Ricimer. Not recognized by the Eastern Empire.

Probably poisoned by Ricimer

PROCOPIVS ANTHEMIVS AVGVSTVS

BORN 420 AD

RULE 12 APRIL 467AD – 11 JULY 472 AD

Appointed emperor by Ricimer, with the backing of the eastern emperor Leo I

Executed by Ricimer

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FLAVIVS ANICIVS OLYBRIVS AVGVSTVS

BORN 420 AD

RULE 11 JULY 472 AD - 2 NOVEMBER 472 AD

Son-in-law of Valentinian III; appointed emperor by Ricimer. Not recognized by the Eastern Empire.

Natural causes

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FLAVIVS(?) GLYCERIVS AVGVSTVS

BORN ?

RULE MARCH 473 AD - JUNE 473 AD

Appointed emperor by Gundobad (Ricimer's successor). Not recognized by the Eastern Empire.

After 480 AD
Deposed by Julius Nepos, became Bishop of Salona, time and manner of death unknown

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FLAVIVS IVLIVS NEPOS AVGVSTVS

BORN 430

RULE June 474 AD – August 28, 475 AD (in Italy) – Spring 480 AD (in Gaul and Dalmatia)

Nephew-in-law of the eastern emperor Leo I, appointed emperor in opposition to Glycerius

Deposed in Italy by Flavius Orestes, ruled in balance of Western Empire until assassination in 480. Maintained as figurehead in Italy by Odoacer to his death in 480.

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FLAVIVS ROMVLVS AVGVSTVS

BORN ?,

RULE 31 OCTOBER 475 AD - 4 SEPTEMBER 476 AD

Appointed by his father, Flavius Orestes. Not recognized by the Eastern Empire.

Unknown.

Regarded as emperor more from historical convention than accuracy, his rule never extended beyond portions of Italian peninsular and was not recognized by Eastern Emperor Zeno. Deposed by Odoacer, who then ruled in the name of Julius Nepos until the latter's death in 480, which formally ended the separate western empire; most likely lived out his life on a private villa in obscurity.

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