THE ROMAN DYNASTIES OF ROME & CONSTANTINOPLE

193-235AD
THE SEVERAN DNASTY
AND THE YEAR OF THE FIVE EMPERORS 193AD-235AD

The Year of the Five Emperors (192 - 193). Following the murder of Commodus Rome saw a year of turmoil and chaos in Rome. Pertinax becomes emperor but is murdered . The empire is then sold to Didius Julianus who is soon ousted and Claudius Albinus is proclaimed emperor in Britan. Pescennius Niger is proclaimed emperor in Syria. Septimius Severus, becomes the victor of the civil war and begans the Severan Dynasty which included Septimius Severus, Caracalla, Geta, Macrinus, Diadumenian (son of Macrinus), Elagabalus and Alexander Severus. The Severan Dynasty marked the end of Pax Romana (Roman peace)

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PERTINAX 193 -193 AD

CAESAR PVBLIVS HELVIVS PERTINAXAVGVSTS
BORN 1 AUGUST, 126 AD, ALBA, ITALIA
RULE 3 MONTHS 1 JANUARY 193 AD – 28 MARCH 193 AD
Proclaimed Emperor by Praetorian Guard
Murdered by Praetorian Guard
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PERTINAX 193 - 193 AD
BUSTS OF
PERTINAX FROM MUSEUMS: BRITISH MUSEUM, ROME, FLOENCE TRIER ,

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DIDIUS JULIANUS 193 AD -193 AD

CAESAR MARCVS DIDIVS SEVERVS JVLIANVSAVGVSTUS
BORN 133 OR 137 AD, MILIAN, ITALICA
RULE 2 MONTHS 4 DAYS 28 MARCH 193 AD – 1 JUNE 193 AD
Won Auctimon held Praetor Guard to become Emperor
Excuted on orders of the Senate 1 june 193 ad
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DIDIUS JULIANUS 193 - 193 AD
BUSTS OF
DIDIUS JULIANUS FROM MUSEUMS:ROME, FLORENCE,

 

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PESCENNIUS NIGER 139 AD - 140 AD

GAIVS PESCENNIVS NIGER AVGVSTV
Born 135 AD, ITALIA
RULE 1YEAR 1 MONTH 9 APRIL 193 AD – MAY 194 AD
BORN into an old Italian equestrian family.
Defeated by a rival claimant, Septimius Severus, and killed while attempting to flee from Antioch.
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PESCENNIUS NIGER 193 - 140 AD
BUSTS OF
PESCENNIUS NIGER FROM MUSEUMS: ROME,

 

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CLODIUS ALBINUS 193AD, 196-197 AD

Decimus Clodivs SeptimiVs Albinus AVgustVs,
BORN 150AD Hadrumetum, Africa Province Sousse, Tunisia
RULE YEAR 1 (4) 193 AD, 196AD – February 19, 197 AD
P
roclaimed emperor by the legions in Britain and Hispania .
A
t the Battle of Lugdunum.Albinus was defeated and killed himself,or was captured and executed
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CLODIUS ALBINUS 193-AD, 196 -197 AD
BUSTS OF
CLODIUS ALBINUS FROM MUSEUMS: ROME, FORENCE,

 

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SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS 193AD - 211AD

CAESAR LVCIVS SEPTIMIVS SEVERVS PERTINAX AVGVSTVS
BORN 11 APPRIL 145 AD, LEPTIS MAGNA AFRICA
RULE 17YEARS 10 MONTHS 9 APRIL 193 AD – 4 FEBRUARY 211 AD
Seized power with the support of the Pannonian legions.

Natural causes
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SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS 193 - 211 AD
BUSTS OF
SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS FROM MUSEUMS: BRITISH MUSEUM, LOUVRE, Copenhagen, ROME, VENNIA, Toulouse, FLORENCE

 

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GETA 209 AD - 211 AD

CAESAR PVBLIVS SEPTIMIVS GETA AVGVSTVS
BORN 7 MARCH 189 AD, ROME
RULE 3 YEARS 209 AD - 26 DECEMBER 211 AD
Son of Septimius Severus co-emperor with Severus and Caracalla from 209 AD-February 211 AD.
Co-emperor with Carcalla until December 211 AD
.
Murdered on the orders of his brother Caracalla
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GETA 209 - 211 AD
BUSTS OF
GETA FROM MUSEUMS:, Copenhagen, ROME, FLORENCE, TOULOUSE

 

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CARACALLA 198 AD - 217 AD

CAESAR MARCVS AVRELIVS SEVERVS ANTONINVS PIVS AVGVSTVS
BORN 4 APRIL 188 AD, LANUVIUM GALLIA LUGDUN
RULE 19 YEARS 198 AD - 8 APRIL 217 AD
Son of Septimius Severus co-emperor with Severus from 198 AD
with Severus and Geta until February 209 AD. Co-emperor with Geeta until December 211 AD.
Murdered by a soldier as part of a conspiracy involving Macrinus
.
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CARACALLA 198 - 217 AD
BUSTS OF
CARACALLA FROM MUSEUMS: BRITISH MUSEUM, LOUVRE, VATICAN, Copenhagen, ROME, Toulouse, FLORENCE, VENICE

 

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MACRINUS 217AD - 218AD

MARCVS OPELLIVS SEVERVS MACRINVS AVGVSTVS PIVS FELIX
BORN 165 AD, LOL CAESAREA MAURETANIA
RULE 1 YEAR 2 MONTHS 11 APRIL 217 AD - 8 JUNE 218 ADD
Praetorian Prefect to Caracalla, probably conspired to murder Caracalla and proclaime him self Emperor-appointed
his son Diadumenian junior emperor in May 217.
Both exected in favour of Elagabalus.
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MACRINUS 217 - 218 AD
BUSTS OF
MACRINUS FROM MUSEUMS: OF ROME,

 

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ELAGABALUS 218AD - 222AD

MARCVS AVRELIVS ANTONINVS AVGVSTVS
BORN 203AD, EMESA, SYRIA
RULE 3YEARS 9 MONTHS 8 JUNE 218 AD - 11 MARCH 222 AD
Grandson of Septimius Severus's sister-in-law,alleged illegitimate son of Caracalla,
proclaimed emperor by Syrian legions

Murdered by Praeton Guard
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ELAGABALUS 218 - 222 AD
BUSTS OF
ELAGABALUS FROM MUSEUMS:, Copenhagen, ROME,

 

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ALEXANDER SEVERUS 222AD - 235AD

CAESAR MARCVS AVRELIVS SEVERVS ALEXANDER AVGVSTVS
BORN 1 OCTOBER 208 AD, ARCA CAESAREA, LUDAEA
RULE 13 YEARS 13 MARCH 222 AD -18 MARCH 235 AD
Grandson of Septimius Severus's sister-in-law cousin and adoptive heir of Elagabalus.

Murdered by the army.

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ALEXANDER SEVERUS 222 - 235 AD
BUSTS OF
ALEXANDER SEVERUS FROM MUSEUMS: Copenhagen, ROME, FLORENCE, VENICE,

 

 

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