AUGVIC

THE ROMAN DYNASTIES OF ROME & CONSTANTINOPLE

455AD-476 AD
THE LAST- EMPERORS OF THE WESTERN EMPIRE
NOT WITH BANG BUT WITH A WIMPER
Under  Ricimer the Last Days of the Empire.—The authority of the Western Roman emperors became limited to Italy, and even here it was reduced to a mere shadow. The barbarians were the real power behind the throne. The Roman armies were made up mostly of barbarians, under the control of barbarian generals; and even the direction of affairs at the capital was in the hands of barbarian chiefs. The place which Stilicho the Vandal had held under Honorius, was filled by Ricimer the Goth during the last years of the empire.. For seventeen years (455-472) Ricimer exercised absolute authority, setting up and deposing emperors at his will.
The Roman Empire in the West had in fact already passed away, and nothing was now left but to extinguish its name.  Odoacer deposes Romulus Augustulus (A.D. 476).—The part which Ricimer had played as “king-maker” was now assumed by Orestes the Pannonian, who received the title of patrician. Orestes placed upon the throne his son, Romulus Augustulus, a boy six years of age.

endemperorsheading

THE COINS OF THE LAST EMPERORS

PetroniusMaximus2

Petronius Maximus
425-454 AD


FLAVIVS ANICIVS PETRONIVS MAXIMVS AVGVSTVS

BORN 396 AD ?

RULE 17 MARCH 455 AD – 31 MAY 455 AD

Proclaimed himself emperor with the support of the army, after the death of Valentinian III.

Murdered, probably stoned to death by the Roman mob

Avitus455456

Avitus
a


455-456 AD

EPARCHIVS AVITVS AVGVSTVS

BORN 385 AD ?

RULE 9 JULY 455 AD – 17 OCTOBER, 456 AD

Magister militum under Petronius Maximus, proclaimed emperor by the Visigoth king Theoderic II

Deposed by his Magister militum, Ricimer, murdered at some point afterwards

Majorian457461

Majorian


457-461 AD

IVLIVS VALERIVS MAIORIANVS AVGVSTVS

BORN NOVEMBER 420 AD

RULE APRIL, 457 AD – 2 AUGUST, 461 AD

Appointed emperor by Ricimer

August 7, 461 AD Deposed by his troops (probably at the behest of Ricimer);

LibiusSeverus461465

Libius
Severus


461-465 AD

LIBIVS SEVERVS AVGVSTVS

BORN ? AD, LUCANIA, ITALIA

RULE NOVEMBER 461 AD – AUGUST 465 AD

Appointed emperor by Ricimer. Not recognized by the Eastern Empire.

Probably poisoned
by Ricimer

Glycerius473474

Glycerius

473-474 AD


FLAVIVS(?) GLYCERIVS AVGVSTVS

BORN ?

RULE MARCH 473 AD - JUNE 473 AD

Appointed emperor by Gundobad (Ricimer's successor). Not recognized by the Eastern Empire.

After 480 AD
Deposed by Julius Nepos, became Bishop of Salona, time and manner of death unknown

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JuliusNepos474475

Julius Nepos
474-475 AD


FLAVIVS IVLIVS NEPOS AVGVSTVS

BORN 430

RULE June 474 AD – August 28, 475 AD (in Italy) – Spring 480 AD (in Gaul and Dalmatia)

Nephew-in-law of the eastern emperor Leo I, appointed emperor in opposition to Glycerius

Deposed in Italy by Flavius Orestes, ruled in balance of Western Empire until assassination in 480.

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bdfourLeft3

Anthemius

467-472AD

PROCOPIVS ANTHEMIVS AVGVSTVS

BORN 420 AD

RULE 12 APRIL 467AD – 11 JULY 472 AD

Appointed Emperor by Leo I of the eastern emperor accepted by Ricimer he lacked power and resourse coming from the east,

Ricimer march on Rome and after a lengthy siege captured and
executed by Ricimer

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Olybrius472

Olybrius

472 AD


FLAVIVS ANICIVS OLYBRIVS AVGVSTVS

BORN 420 AD

RULE 11 JULY 472 AD - 2 NOVEMBER 472 AD

Son-in-law of Valentinian III; appointed .a puppet emperor, put on the throne by Ricimer Not recognized by the Eastern Empire.

Natural causesOlybrius died of dropsy after only seven months of rule

 

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RomulusAugustus24744752

Romulus Augustus
474-75 AD

FLAVIVS ROMVLVS AVGVSTVS

BORN ?,

RULE 31 OCTOBER 475 AD - 4 SEPTEMBER 476 AD

Appointed by his father, Flavius Orestes. Not recognized by the Eastern Empire.

Unknown Natural Causes.

Romulus Augustus was the son of Orestes who once had been an assistant to Attila the Hun Orestes launched a coup d'état and marched his troops on Ravenna, the seat of the emperor. Julius Nepos fled in August AD 475, leaving Italy to Orestes

Regarded as emperor more from historical convention than accuracy, his rule never extended beyond portions of Italian peninsular and was not recognized by Eastern Emperor Zeno. Deposed by Odoacer, who then ruled in the name of Julius Nepos until the latter's death in 480, which formally ended the separate western empire; most likely lived out his life on a private villa in obscurity.


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