Hispania Italica
by the Roman general Publius Cornelius Scipio Africanus..


Cornelius Scipio Africanus to settle his victorious veterans from the Second Punic Wars against Hannibal and the Carthaginians, and close enough to the Guadalquivir to control the area. The name Italica reflected the veterans' Italian origins.

The nearby native and Roman city of Hispalis (Seville) would always remain a larger city, but Italica became an important centre of Roman culture. Italica was later the birthplace of the Roman emperors Trajan and Hadrian (and possibly Theodosius I

Trajan, and rebuilt public buildings. Italica’s amphitheatre seated 25,000 spectators, half as many as the Colosseum in Rome and the third largest in the Roman Empire, even though the city's population at the time is estimated to have been only 8,000





The It was during the time of Caesar Augustus when Italica gained the status of municipality, with the right to issue currency, but it came to its zenith during the reigns of the Caesars Trajan and Hadrian at the end of the century and during the 2nd century. They originated from Italica, which would give great prestige to the former Spanish colony in Rome. Both emperors were particularly generous to their hometown, expanding and revitalizing its economy. Hadrian ordered the construction of the nova urbs, the new city, a city that only had slight activity over the 3rd and 2nd centuries BC.

Also during the reign of Hadrian, the city changed its status to become a Roman colony. It is at this time renamed Colonia Aelia Augusta Italica, in honor of the emperor. By then, the Roman Senate had an important pressure group originating from the Spanish city.
The "old town" or urbs vetus dating from the Republican period lies under the present town of Santiponce.






Hispania Cordoba
the Roman province of Hispania Ulterior Baetica.

Several illustrious Romans were born in Córdoba:
the elder and younger Seneca and the poet Lucanus

Córdoba was conquered by the Romans in 206 BC from the Carthaginians. A Roman Forum is known to have existed in the city in 113 BC.At the time of Julius Caesar, Córdoba was the capital of the Roman province of Hispania Ulterior Baetica.

Roman temple of Córdoba Its construction began during the reign of Emperor Claudius and ended some forty years later, during the reign of Emperor Domitian

The material used was almost exclusively marble the quality of marble and the size of that tell us that its construction was carried out by skilled craftsmen of high quality, placing the result at the level of the most beautiful buildings of the empire.

In the early fifth-century AD, the Vandals invaded and took over the south of Hispania. The Roman Emperor Honorius commissioned his brother-in-law, the Visigoth king, to defeat the Vandals. The Visigoths seized control of Hispania .




Hispania mALAGA
the Roman province of Hispania Ulterior .


The Roman Theatre in Malaga was a building promoted by the emperor Caesar Augustus , the Roman city of Malacca , current Malaga , Spain . Its construction occurred in the first century. C. and lies at the foot of Mount Gibralfaro , next to the Alcazaba ,
Teatro Romano is the oldest monument in Málaga; it is situated in the cultural heart of Málaga city, at the foot of the famous Alcazaba fortress. It is one of the only Ancient ruins left in Málaga The theater was also used as a quarry in the construction of the Alcazaba. Several capitals and shafts of columns appear as support for the horseshoe arches at the gates of the Citadel.



In the After being hidden for centuries, it was discovered in 1951 In 1988 became public the decision to demolish the Palace Archives and Libraries to allow complete archaeological excavations and restoration work. But it was not until 1995 that began the demolition.

These excavations revealed the underground structure of a large warehouse space tilling or related to the Roman factory, which was built in the enclosure in the IV-V centuries. Its coated hydraulic mortar and supported by central pillars floors rested on stone blocks from the theater exploded. Its construction therefore was responsible for the loss of the western two-thirds of the southern basilica theater.